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2015年考研英语(二)真题(完整版)

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  Section Ⅰ Use of English

  Directions:

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

  Though not biologically related, friends are as "related" as fourth cousins, sharing about 1% of genes. That is 1 a study published from the University of California and Yale University in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, has 2 .

  The study is a genome-wide analysis conducted 3 1932 unique subjects which 4 pairs of unrelated friends and unrelated strangers. The same people were used in both 5 .

  While 1% may seem 6 , it is not so to a geneticist. As co-author of the study James Fowler, professor of medical genetics at UC San Diego says, "Most people do not even 7 their fourth cousins but somehow manage to select as friends the people who 8 our kin."

  The team also developed a "friendship score" which can predict who will be your friend based on their genes.

  The study 9 found that the genes for smell were something shared in friends but not genes for immunity. Why this similarity in smell genes is difficult to explain, for now. 10, as the team suggests, it draws us to similar environments but there is more 11 it. There could be many mechanisms working in tandem that 12 us in choosing genetically similar friends 13 than "functional kinship" of being friends with 14 !

  One of the remarkable findings of the study was that the similar genes seem to be evolving 15 than other genes. Studying this could help 16 why human evolution picked pace in the last 30,000 years, with social environment being a major 17 factor.

  The findings do not simply corroborate people's 18 to befriend those of similar 19 backgrounds, say the researchers. Though all the subjects were drawn from a population of European extraction, care was taken to 20 that all subjects, friends and strangers were taken from the same population. The team also controlled the data to check ancestry of subjects.

  1.[A]what [B]how [C]why [D]when

  2.[A]defended [B] concluded [C] withdrawn [D]advised

  3.[A] for [B] with [C] by [D] on

  4.[A] separated [B] sought [C] compared [D] connected

  5. [A] tests [B] objects [C] samples [D] examples

  6.[A] insignificant [B] unexpected [C] unreliable [D] incredible

  7. [A] visit [B] miss [C] know [D] seek

  8. [A] surpass [B] influence [C] favor [D] resemble

  9. [A] again [B] also [C] instead [D] thus

  10.[A] meanwhile [B] furthermore [C] likewise [D] perhaps

  11.[A] about [B] to [C] from [D] like

  12. [A] limit [B] observe [C] confuse [D] drive

  13. [A] according to [B] rather than [C] regardless of [D] along with

  14. [A] chances [B] responses [C] benefits [D] missions

  15 [A] faster [B] slower [C] later [D] earlier

  16[A] forecast [B] remember [C] express [D] understand

  17 [A] unpredicted [B] contributory [C] controllable [D] disruptive

  18[A] tendency [B] decision [C] arrangement [D] endeavor

  19[A] political [B] religious [C] ethnic [D] economic

  20[A] see [B] show [C] prove [D] tell

  Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

  Part A

  Directions:

  Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET. (40 points)

  Text 1

  King Juan Carlos of Spain once insisted kings don’t abdicate, they die in their sleep. But embarrassing scandals and the popularity of the republican left in the recent Euro-elections have forced him to eat his words and stand down. So, dies the Spanish crisis suggest that monarchy is seeing its last days? Does that mean the uniting is on the wall for all European royals, with their magnificent uniforms and majestic lifestyles?

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